Electrical engineering generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electro-magnetism. It is the largest of all engineering disciplines because it is the amalgamation of electrical, electronics and communication, instrumentation, computer engineering etc. Electrical engineering involves transmission and production of electrical power, electric circuit design, electronics, instrumentation, control system, understanding electrical and electronic networks etc. Electrical engineering is considered to deal with the problems associated with large-scale electrical systems such as power generation and transmission and motor control, whereas electronic engineering deals with the study of small-scale electronic systems including computers and integrated circuits. It includes the design and building of electronic circuits based on the flow of charge through different materials.
The minimum eligibility criteria is BE/ B.Tech in Electrical engineering. After this an engineer may go for post graduation degree for research and teaching jobs and for management degree for management posts. There are degree as well as diploma courses. The basic requirement for BE/ B.tech is 10+2 or equivalent examination with high percentage of marks in Science subjects. They have to also clear the respective entrance test to get admission.
Electrical engineering has a lot of scope. They generally work in the areas of generation and transmission of electricity. As almost everything requires electricity hence this career option has tremendous opportunities whether in developing or the developed world. Employers range from computer-technology corporations and chemical companies to power and telephone companies. Both small and large companies in the private sector and the government sector offer placement for electrical engineers. Electrical engineers can find employment in Electrical equipment and systems manufacturing companies, Power generation and transmission, Railways, IT industry, Telecommunication, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, public sector industries like petroleum, steel and chemical industry, Research and design etc.
The pay scale depends on experience, higher qualification and capabilities. Candidates from well renowned institutes are paid more than those with less reputed institutes. In India, a fresh electric engineering graduate can earn about Rs. 15000- Rs. 25000. Post graduates can earn more than just graduates. With some work experience, a candidate may get around Rs. 35000-Rs. 80000 per month. In foreign countries the pay packages are much higher than in India.